Dachshund Health Issues

Dachshunds, with their distinctively elongated bodies, short legs, and endearing personalities, have earned a special place in the hearts of countless pet owners worldwide. These lovable little dogs bring joy and companionship to households, but it is important to recognize that, like any other breed, they are not exempt from certain health challenges. While Dachshunds may appear robust and full of energy, their unique physique and genetic predispositions make them more susceptible to specific health issues. It is important to stay informed about these potential concerns and take proactive measures to provide the necessary attention and care that our pups deserve.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

One of the most prevalent health issues in Dachshunds is IVDD. This condition occurs when the discs between the vertebrae deteriorate or become herniated, causing pain, mobility issues, and even paralysis. The unique body structure of Dachshunds, with their long spines and short legs, makes them more susceptible to IVDD. To reduce the risk of IVDD, it’s important to maintain a healthy weight for your Dachshund through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and appropriate daily supplements that support their joint and spine health. Excess weight can put additional strain on their spine, exacerbating the condition. Avoid activities that strain the spine, such as jumping from heights or rough play. Regular veterinary check-ups and early intervention are crucial in managing IVDD. If your Dachshund shows any signs of back pain or mobility issues, seek veterinary care immediately.


Dachshunds have a tendency to gain weight, which can lead to various health problems. Obesity puts extra strain on their long spines and joints, increasing the risk of IVDD, arthritis, and other musculoskeletal issues. To prevent obesity, provide a balanced and portion-controlled diet that meets their nutritional needs. Additionally, consider incorporating daily supplements into their diet that support weight management and overall health. Avoid excessive treats and table scraps, as they can contribute to weight gain. Regular exercise is essential for maintaining a healthy weight and overall well-being. However, keep in mind that Dachshunds should not engage in high-impact activities that may strain their backs. Consult your veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations tailored to your dog’s needs.

Long-haired dachshund puppy laying on the ground smiling with red collar on

Dental Disease

Dachshunds are prone to dental issues like periodontal disease, plaque buildup, and tooth decay. Poor dental health can lead to pain, infections, and systemic health problems. Establishing a dental care routine early in your Dachshund’s life is crucial. Begin by introducing regular teeth brushing using dog-friendly toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Aim for daily brushing if possible, but at least a few times a week can make a significant difference. Dental toys designed to promote dental health can also be beneficial. Additionally, schedule regular professional dental cleanings with your veterinarian to address any hard-to-reach plaque and tartar buildup. Routine dental check-ups will help identify and address any dental concerns promptly.

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a condition in which the kneecap dislocates or moves out of its normal position. Dachshunds, particularly miniature varieties, are susceptible to this issue. Signs of patellar luxation include limping, reluctance to walk or play, and occasional skipping or hopping. If you notice these symptoms, consult your veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment options, which may include medication or surgery. Regular exercise that is low-impact and gentle on their joints can help maintain muscle tone and support the knee joints. Consider supplements that support joint health to provide additional support for their knees and overall mobility.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a genetic condition that causes degeneration of the retina, eventually leading to blindness. Dachshunds, especially the miniature and long-haired varieties, have a higher risk of PRA. Unfortunately, there is no cure for PRA. However, regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect the early signs of PRA. Early detection allows for proactive management strategies and lifestyle adjustments to improve your Dachshund’s quality of life. Providing a safe and familiar environment as their vision deteriorates can help them navigate their surroundings more confidently.

Black and brown Dachshund looking into the camera posed to the side standing in the sun

Being aware of the common health issues that affect Dachshunds is crucial for every pet owner. By being informed and proactively addressing these concerns, you can help make sure your Dachshund leads a healthy and happy life. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, dental care, appropriate daily supplements, and genetic testing are essential components of maintaining your Dachshund’s well-being. Remember, your love and attention play a significant role in keeping your Dachshund thriving.