Bernese Mountain Dogs Health Issues

Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their beautiful tri-colored coats and friendly personalities, making them a popular choice among dog enthusiasts. However, like all breeds, they are susceptible to specific health issues that every owner should know. In this blog post, we’ll delve into some common health concerns that affect Bernese Mountain Dogs, how to identify them, and proactive measures you can take to ensure your furry friend lives a long and healthy life.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a frequent concern among Bernese Mountain Dogs. This inherited condition occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to discomfort and mobility issues. While it’s more common in large breeds, responsible breeding, and proper care can help reduce the risk. Regular veterinary check-ups and joint supplements can also help manage the condition. Pet Releaf’s Hip & Joint Releaf Edibites and Oil are specially formulated to help reduce discomfort and promote healthy joints. These natural supplements, enriched with CBD and other beneficial ingredients, can support hip health and overall well-being.

Elbow Dysplasia

Like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia is another orthopedic issue affecting Bernese Mountain Dogs. It occurs when the elbow joint’s bones do not fit together correctly, resulting in lameness and pain. Timely detection and treatment are crucial, so keep a close eye on your dog for signs such as limping or discomfort. Treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, or, in severe cases, surgery.

Bernese Mountain Dog standing in the woods standing on leaves during the Fall


Cancer is a significant concern for Bernese Mountain Dogs, with a higher incidence rate compared to other breeds. They are particularly susceptible to histiocytic sarcoma, a type of cancer. As a responsible owner, it’s vital to be vigilant and watch for signs such as lumps, changes in appetite, or lethargy. Regular veterinary check-ups can help identify cancer early when treatment is most effective.

Bloat (Gastric Torsion)

Bloat, also known as gastric torsion or twisted stomach, is a life-threatening condition that can affect deep-chested breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs. It occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood supply. Symptoms include restlessness, unproductive attempts to vomit, and a distended abdomen. Immediate emergency veterinary care is essential if you suspect bloat.

Heart Issues

Bernese Mountain Dogs can also be prone to heart problems, including mitral valve disease. Regular heart checks by a veterinarian can help detect these issues early, allowing for proper management and treatment.

Bernese Mountain Dog tired laying down in the grass


Like many dogs, Bernese Mountain Dogs can become overweight if not provided with a balanced diet and regular exercise. Excess weight can worsen other health problems such as joint and heart conditions. Ensure your dog receives the correct amount of food and exercise to maintain a healthy weight.

Cruciate Ligament Tears

Tears or ruptures of the cruciate ligaments in the knee can occur in Bernese Mountain Dogs, leading to lameness and pain. This can happen suddenly during strenuous activity or due to ongoing joint stress. Surgical intervention may be necessary in severe cases.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to specific health issues, but responsible breeding and attentive care can help mitigate these risks. Regular check-ups with a trusted veterinarian, a balanced diet, supplements like CBD products, and appropriate exercise can go a long way in ensuring your Bernese Mountain Dog’s well-being. Remember that early detection and treatment are essential for managing many of these health concerns, so always be observant and proactive in caring for your beloved furry companion.